What is GST…? How much Percentage (%) of tax you pay for products you purchase or sell…? How it will impact on cars…? Here is full report on GST…

The GST Council has fixed the tax rate, India a single market from 1 April 2017.

GST (Goods & Services Tax) is an indirect tax throughout India to replace taxes levied by the central and state governments.

GST Council has fixed different tax structure of 5 percent, 12 percent, 18 percent and 28 percent.

5 Percent Tax:
GOODS

Sugar, coffee (except instant), Insulin, Spices, tea, Edible oil, spices, pizza bread, rusk, Sabu dana, kerosene, fish fillet, packaged food items, footwear below Rs 500, Raisin, Ice and snow, Bio gas, lifeboats, Cashew nut, Cashew nut in shell, Apparel below Rs 1000, Kites, revenue stamps, Mithai (Indian Sweets), Life-Saving drugs, Coal

SERVICES

Railways, Air transport, Small restaurants.

12 Percent Tax :
GOODS

Computers, Frozen meat products, butter, cheese, ghee, dry fruits in packaged, Apparel above Rs 1000, picture books, umbrella, sewing machine, cellphones, Ketchup & Sauces, animal fat, sausage, fruit juices, Ayurvedic medicines, tooth powder, coloring books, cake servers, corrective, Playing cards, chess board, carom board, fish knives, tongs, Spectacles

SERVICES

Fertilizers, Non-AC hotels, Business class air ticket,

18 Percent Tax :
GOODS

Biscuits (All types) flavored refined sugar, pasta, cornflakes, pastries and cakes, software, Tobacco, footwear costing more than Rs 500, preserved vegetables, jams, sauces, soups, ice cream, instant food mixes, mineral water, tissues, envelopes, tampons, note books, Printers [other than multifunction printers], Electrical Transformer, CCTV, Optical Fiber, Bamboo furniture, Swimming pools, padding pools, Steel products, Printed circuits boards, Camera, Speakers , Monitors, Kajal pencil sticks, Aluminum foils, Weighing, Printers, Hair oil, toothpaste and soap

SERVICES

AC hotels, Rooms between Rs 2,500 to Rs 7,500, Restaurants five-star hotels, telecom services, IT services, branded garments.

28 Percent Tax :
GOODS

Small cars (+1% or +3% Percent),

Premium Luxury cars & sin items like BMWs, Audi, Mercedes Benz cigarettes and aerated drinks (+15% Percent), High-end motorcycles (+15% cess),

AC and fridge, ATM, vending machines, vacuum cleaner, shavers, hair clippers, pan masala, aerated water, paint, deodorants, shaving creams, after shave, hair shampoo, Bidis, chewing gum, chocolate not containing cocoa, wafers coated with chocolate, dye, sunscreen, wallpaper, ceramic tiles, water heater, dishwasher, weighing machine, washing machine, aircraft for personal use.

SERVICES

Hotels with room tariffs above Rs 7,500 , Race club betting, cinema, 5-star hotels, Private-run lotteries.

For more detailed tax rates to different products please click in this link : GST_rate_scheduled

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How to get a long life of tyres, what to do, what not to do with tyres. A complete guide on care and maintenance of tyres.

Transport industry plays a vital role in the development of the Nation. In fact, the progress of the Nation and transport industry are complementary to each other. The road transport industry has a lion’s share in world Industrial and Agricultural progress.

The main stay of the road transport industry is the tyre as it is the last link between the road and the vehicle. It shoulders the load; and the economy of the industry is very much dependent on the service the tyre gives. It is not enough to have a good tyre; but it needs looking after.

The life of the tyre and its performance in terms of cost per kilometer depend on many factors, such as
(a) Care and maintenance of tyres, rims etc.
(b) Tyre load and inflation pressure.
(C) Driving habits.
(d) Mechanical condition of vehicles.
(e) Road conditions.
(f) Seasonal effect on tyre performance.

It should be remembered that the tyre fitting and removal is not “Do-it-yourself” job. Correct equipment and actual experience are essentially required for a satisfactory job.

It is important that a regular sequence of maintenance is first laid down and then checked to supervise if this is being followed by the persons responsibility for the job. Those responsible persons must be properly instructed for the work and they must be fully aware of what is exactly required from them to achieve the ultimate objective.

WHAT IS PNEUMATIC TYRE?
The pneumatic tyre is device designed to protect the tube with carries compressed air, the load carrying agent. Briefly, it is an air bag fitted to a road wheel. It consists of two main components the outer tyre and the tube both of which are mounted on a rim. This is complete assembly
forming an effective compressed air container, and the “ATR CARRIES THE LOAD”.

Google: Image

COMPONENTS OF PNEUMATIC TYRE

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Factors which effect tyre life;

Proper inflation-a must

The tyres designed to carry loads upto the maximum Specified load at the inflated pressure for a desired tyre deflection and road contact area, Neglect of inflation pressure is one of the major causes for premature failure of tyre. It is unsafe to run a tyre with any pressure different from specified. It is important to check pressures of all the tyres at a regular
intervals.

Under inflation

Under-inflation is the greatest enemy 01 a tyre. Reducing front wheel inflation pressure to obtain a softer ride is very unsafe and should never be done. Low air pressure can result in rapid tread wear at the shoulders, and over flexing and excessive heat generation, causing premature failure of tyre. This abnormal flexing action will breakdown the card structure, with a result that the tyre is weakened in this area and unable to withstand ordinary road shocks. The individual cards will become loose and

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in addition, ply separation may result. Under inflation is also the cause of rapid and uneven tread-wear resulting in high cost.

Over inflation

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There is a mistaken concept on the part of many users that a tyre can be overloaded safety by over-inflating. This is a very dangerous Increasing air pressure to offset overloading simply distorts and
practice cord plies of the tyre beyond their capacity, eventually weakening strains the Over-inflation promotes danger of concussion cuts. the entire structure.

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Factors responsible for over-heating:

(1) Over-loading·
(2) Over speed.
(3) Under-inflation.
(4) Quick stops and starts.
(5) Insufficient spacing between dual tyres.

Tyre Rotation

Tyre positioning and rotation to different wheel positions are extremely important to achieve satisfactory performance through maximum mileage and retreads.

Google: Image
Google: Image

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Vehicles set with correct geometry will provide:

(1) Less driving fatigue.
(2) Adequate driving safety’
(3) Satisfactory tyre life,
(4) Good service life of other components of the vehicle, leading to an
overall economy and less down time for the vehicle.

However, after the adjustments have been made, it is wise to interchange tyres which will equalize the future normal wear.

Alignment:

Toe-in:

toe in, in simple diagram

The wheels on the same axle are closer together in the front than they are in the This is called as Toe-in. If the Toe-in is excessive, the tyre wear shows featured edges on the inside edges of the skid design, usually more pronounced on the right side.

Toe-out:

toe out, in simple diagram

The wheels on the same axle are closer together in the rear than they are in the front. This is called as Toe-out. Tyre wear shows featured edges on the outside edge of the skid design. Usually it is more pronounced on the left wheel.

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RECOMMENDED SEQUENCE OF INSPECTION OPERATIONS

ITEMS CHECK FOR ACTION TO BE TAKEN
Tyre Tread a)       Irregular tread wear Endeavor to determine reason for irregular wear and remove tyre to another running position to avoid loss in mileage.
b)      Cuts If extensive or more than superficial remove tyre for repair.
c)       Imbedded stones, nails, or other foreign objects. Remove object and remove tyre for repair If necessary.
d)      Bulging Replace tyre demount from wheel for thorough Inspection,
e)      Exposed casing Replace tyre, demount an examine if suitable for ret reading and/or repair.
f)        Chassis fouling tyre tread. Inform vehicle maintenance staff and replace tyre if damage is” serious.
g)       Oil or Grease contamination. Clean.

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Anand Mahindra named Tharomance to a beautiful couple with Thar…

Yes Mr. Anand Mahindra The chairman and managing director of Mahindra Group, tweeted a screen shot of post in which a beautiful photography of newly married couple in front of Mahindra Thar, it was their wedding car.

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Anand Mahindra to Elon Musk on Twitter…

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In a tweet Elon Musk twitted that the India commits to sell only electric cars by 2030. It is already the largest market for solar power.

After Donald Trump’s comments on India regarding the Paris Climate accord Elon Musk who is the CEO Tesla tweeted.

Elon Musk is the man who runs one of the most successful electric vehicle business in the world which is called Tesla. he cited an article which wrote about India’s plans for all-electric cars by 2030.

Mean while Elon Musk’s tweet, Anand Mahindra responded in a friendly way,

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